Maternal health is very crucial in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience in most cases and to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality in other cases, which encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal, and postnatal care. Unavailability of prenatal care pushes the mother and the would-be born child to a significantly higher risk for adverse outcomes.
Life inside the prison is very difficult for the would-be mother and is very vulnerable to both the would-be mother and the would-be born child alike. Given the current situation of prison in Nepal, one can see not only convicted women inmates living within the prison but also some of them giving birth while they are still inside the prison. As per the information from the Department of Prison, every year around 15 – 20 children are born inside the prison.
Since the prison as a venue for child birth and growth is not fit, the health risks of both the mother and the newborn must be taken seriously and addressed. The mothers themselves are unable to fulfill their own basic needs and at this situation when they give birth to a baby the situation becomes even more critical and vulnerable. At this time both the mother and the baby need special attention and care which they lack inside the prison. Right at/after birth, the new born requires warm clothes; bedding, mattress and other personal care items and the mother too needs special care and maternal support. Due to the fact that mothers themselves are living in jail they cannot provide these requirements to their babies, and this is a brutal reality that is unseen and unheard of, for many of us. In order to address this issue to a minimum extent, ECDC has come with the Butterfly Baby Box programed.